永利集团>学习英语>英语短语>《英语特殊词汇讲解》正文

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  虽然一个句子的组词部分通常是主谓宾,但是也有一些特殊的句型,下面是小编为您收集整理的英语特殊词汇讲解,供大家参考!

英语特殊词汇讲解

  英语特殊词汇讲解

  stop doing/to do

  stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

  stop doing 停止做某事。

  They stop to smoke a cigarette.  他们停下来,抽了根烟。

  I must stop smoking.      我必须戒烟了。

  forget doing/to do

  forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)

  forget doing 忘记做过某事。  (已做)

  The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.

  办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

  He forgot turning the light off.

  他忘记他已经关了灯了。    ( 已做过关灯的动作)

  Don"t forget to come tomorrow.

  别忘了明天来。         (to come动作未做)

  remember doing/to do

  remember to do 记得去做某事     (未做)

  remember doing 记得做过某事    (已做)

  Remember to go to the post office after school.

  记着放学后去趟邮局。

  Don"t you remember seeing the man before?

  你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

  regret doing/to do

  regret to do  对要做的事遗憾。     (未做)

  regret doing  对做过的事遗憾、后悔。  (已做)

  I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice.

  我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

  I don"t regret telling her what I thought.

  我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

  cease doing/to do

  cease to do  长时间,甚至永远停做某事。

  cease doing  短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

  That department has ceased to exist forever.

  那个部门已不复存在。

  The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by.

  姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。

  try doing/to do

  try to do  努力,企图做某事。

  try doing  试验,试着做某事。

  You must try to be more careful.

  你可要多加小心。

  I tried gardening but didn"t succeed.

  我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

  go on doing/to do

  go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。

  go on doing  继续做原来做的事。

  After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics.

  做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

  Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.

  作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

  be afraid doing/to do

  be afraid to do 不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为"怕";

  be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果。 doing 是客观上造成的,意为"生怕,恐怕"。

  She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.

  她生怕被蛇咬着,而不敢在草丛中再走一步。

  She was afraid to wake her husband.

  她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。

  She was afraid of waking her husband.

  她生怕吵醒她丈夫。

  be interested doing/to do

  interested to do   对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事。

  interested in doing  对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法。

  I shall be interested to know what happens.

  我很想知道发生了什么事。 (想了解)

  I"m interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that?

  我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗?  (一种想法)

  mean to doing/to do

  mean to do  打算、想

  mean doing 意味着

  I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to.

  我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

  To raise wage means increasing purchasing power.

  赠加工资意味着增加购买力。

  begin(start) doing/to do

  begin / start to do sth

  begin / start doing sth.

  1) 谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing.

  How old were you when you first started playing the piano?

  你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

  2) begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do

  I was beginning to get angry。

  我开始生起气来。

  3) 在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。

  I begin to understand the truth。

  我开始明白真相。

  4) 物作主语时

  It began to melt

  英语分类词汇

  教育类的单词:

  instruction, education 教育

  culture 文化

  primary education 初等教育

  secondary education 中等教育

  higher education 高等教育

  the three r"s 读、写、算

  school year 学年

  term, trimester 学季

  semester 学期

  school day 教学日

  school holidays 假期

  curriculum 课程

  subject 学科

  discipline 纪律

  timetable 课程表

  class, lesson 课

  homework 家庭作业

  exercise 练习

  dictation 听写

  spelling mistake 拼写错误

  (short) course 短训班

  seminar 研讨班

  playtime, break 课间,休息

  to play truant, to play hooky 逃学,旷课

  course (of study) 学业

  student body 学生(总称)

  classmate, schoolmate 同学

  pupil 小学生

  student 大学生

  schoolboy 男生

  schoolgirl 女生

  auditor 旁听生

  swot, grind 用功的学生

  old boy 老生

  grant, scholarship, fellowship 奖学金

  holder of a grant, scholar, fellow 奖学金获得者

  school uniform 校服

  teaching staff 教育工作者(总称)

  teachers 教师(总称)

  primary school teacher 小学老师

  teacher lecturer 大学老师

  professor 教授

  schooling 教授,授课

  assistant 助教

  headmaster 校长 (女性为:headmistress)

  deputy headmaster, deputy head 副校长

  rector 校长

  dean 教务长

  laboratory assistant, lab assistant 实验员

  beadle, porter 门房,学校工友

  games master, gym teacher, gym instructor 体育教师

  private tutor 私人教师,家庭教师

  pedagogue 文学教师(蔑称)

  of school age 教龄

  beginning of term 开学

  matriculation 注册

  to enroll, to enroll 予以注册

  to take lessons (学生)上课

  to teach (老师)上课

  to study 学习

  to learn by heart 记住,掌握

  to revise, to go over 复习

  test 考试

  to test 考试

  to take an examination, to sit an examination, to do an examination 参加考试

  convocation notice 考试通知

  examiner 考试者

  board of examiners 考试团

  examination oral, written examination 口试,笔试

  question 问题

  question paper 试卷

  crib 夹带 (美作:trot)

  to pass an examination (或exam), 通过考试

  pass, passing grade 升级

  prizegiving 分配奖品

  to fall an examination 未通过考试

  failure 未考好

  to repeat a year 留级

  degree 学位

  graduate 毕业生

  to graduate 毕业

  project, thesis 毕业论文

  general certificate of education 中学毕业证书 (美作:highschool diploma)

  holder of the general certificate of education 中学毕业生 (美作:holder of a high school diploma)

  doctorate 博士学位

  doctor 博士

  competitive examination 答辩考试

  博物馆的种类:

  history museum (历史博物馆)

  military museum(军事博物馆),

  art museum(艺术博物馆)

  , science museum(科技博物馆),

  natural museum(自然博物馆)

  , public museum(公立博物馆)

  , private museum(私人博物馆),

  specialized museum(专业博物馆)

  中国节日的英文表达法,

  如spring festival (春节),

  lantern festival (元宵节),

  dragon-boat festival(端午节),

  mid-autumn festival (中秋节)

  电影的种类及书籍类的词汇

  action film (动作片)

  document.ry 纪录片

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