永利集团>学习英语>英语听力>《各类雅思听力话题总结》正文

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  来讨论一下雅思听力中比较受宠的Travelling话题吧~ 这类话题一般会出现在前两个Section中,以对话或独白的方式给出。下面是小编给大家整理收集的各类雅思听力话题总结,供大家参考,希望可以帮到大家!

各类雅思听力话题总结

  各类雅思听力话题总结

  由于国外比较注重享受生活,在有leisure time的时候,经常会琢磨着大伙一起出去渡个小假,旅个小游什么的。

  一般话题在开始时,介绍即将前往的地点Where to go,这里就要有一些心理准备哦,因为一般会出现一些新的或者不太熟悉的词汇

  随后,一般会给出preparation for a trip的小tips,简单归类如下:

  如果去Mountains做hiking的话,就要准备好tent,hiking shoes/boots,rucksack(大登山包);为了防止迷路,还要准备好compass,cave torch/flash light;在勘察地形或者欣赏自然美景时binoculars也必不可少哦。

  国外的自然环境比较好,还有可能会去rainforest之类的地点旅游,那么water-proof coat,strong walking boots;还有特别需要准备的insect repellent(驱虫剂),若需要过夜的话mosquito net(蚊帐)等也需备齐。

  还很有可能来个惊险刺激的canoe trip啦,这时候就需要准备好washable shoes,sweater,high-energy snack等。

  在岛屿类国家,还可以组织去tropical island来个冒险哦。这时就需联系好ferry,准备好bottled water。特别注意的是在晚上时可能会骤冷,所以准备好sweater和thick socks也很有必要。

  为了以防万一,还需要准备一些医疗设备,以备不时之需,如first-aid kit,buy medicine at the chemist’s等,为了预防外出易染上的malaria,可能还需要先打vaccine。

  接着,可能还要准备晚上的住宿问题,做些arrangements。

  确定是住在hotel,motel,inn,还是youth hostel(青年旅社);亦或是来个农家乐,住在cottage,cabin里。还有还要确认相关的服务,比如是否会提供B&B(bed &breakfast)服务等。

  如果是对话形式的话,还会有两人对于时间、地点等的再次做consistent的确认。

  雅思听力-路标信号词

  实际上,听力需要听的主要是名词、复合名词及名词短语。英文句子中50%以上的词除了语法及文体用途外是没有实际意义的,因此在听英文的时候,考生无需逐字去捕捉信息,而只需把握核心信息,如:名词,修饰词,限定词,语篇信号和标志等。

  修饰词

  修饰词可以是形容词、名词或形容词短语、副词短语等,在听力过程中容易出错的是副词,如:almost, hardly, merely, only, even, just, nearly, simply等。

  限定词

  限定词往往限定名词,常见的限定词是the, a, an,其他的限定词,如:

  my, his, her, this, that, another, no, some, any, each, every, certain, 1/2, 1/3等。

  语篇信号

  表示列举、增补关系的信号词

  and, in addition to that, one more thing, what's more, besides, either, also, too, as well as, for instance, both and, together, for example, further more, such as, in addition, likewise, like, similarly, moreover…

  表示转折关系的信号词

  although, by contract, as a matter of fact, nevertheless, in contrast, instead, however, while, otherwise, though, but, despite, on the contrary, on the other hand, in the same way, in spite of, yet, whereas…

  表示顺序或序列关系的信号词

  first, before, first of all, on the right/left, next, to begin with, turn right/left, afterward, meanwhile, second, last but not least, for a start, third, finally, until, between, firstly, subsequently, then, secondly, previously, in the middle, for one thing, for another, after, in the first place…

  表示解释或强调关系的信号词

  that is, in particular, I mean, namely, especially, actually, in other words, that is to say, specially, another way of saying, equally...

  表示归纳、结论性关系的信号词

  as a result, altogether, finally, in short, therefore, overall, in sum, thus, on the whole, in brief, accordingly, to conclude, in a word, consequently, to sum up, in conclusion, so, to summarize…

  表示因果关系的信号词

  owing to, due to, cause by, the cause of, spark off, give rise to, provoke, generate, bring about, lead to, stem from, arise out of, reason for, motive, prompt, with the aim of, with a view to, on the grounds that, purpose of, as a result, therefore, since, for, for this reason, so, because, consequently, as, thus, to result in, outcome, upshot, to ensure...

  表示条件的信号词

  if, on condition that, provided/providing that, as long as, whoever, however, whenever, wherever, whichever, no matter, condition, prerequisite, requirement, (under any) circumstances...

  表示时间的信号词

  before that, earlier on, prior to, previously, formerly, while, as, just as, during, throughout, at the very time/moment, after, then, after that, afterwards, following, when as soon as, once, the moment/minute, the time (that), on that occasion, in the meanwhile, till then, since then, by the time…

  新信息导出信号

  新信息的导出往往是答案的所在。当说话者要给出新信息时,往往会有一些标志信号。在一句话中,这些词出现往往会有新信息导出:

  连词

  and, but, or, because, when, while, whilst, so that, immediately, now, once, the moment that, if, although, nevertheless, on condition that, provided that…

  关系代词

  that, which, who, whom, whose…

  副词短语

  admittedly, after all, for all that, it's all very well, that's all well and good/fine and large…

  在一段白或对话的开始,这些词出现往往有新信息导出:

  good, great, now (then), okay, right, so, well (then), hang about/on, hold on(希望不要被打断),listen, look(引出观点或建议)…

  在正式讲座中会通过这样的一些标志信号导出新信息,如:

  first/firstly/first of all, for a start, to start with…, let's start with..., and now (we will), I'd like now to move on to…, now tell me…, before I move on to…, and what about..., next I'd like to…, one more thing, finally/lastly, can you tell us…

  以重复、举例等标志信号导出新信息,如:

  as it were, so to speak, for instance, for example, in other words, that is (to say), you see...

  以表示评论、对比、更改说话者的观点的标志信号等导出新信息。如:

  in contrast, mind you (however), on/to the contrary, on the one hand… on the other hand, quite the opposite...

  表示说话者犹豫的标志信号导出新信息,如:

  kind/sort of, let me see/think (gaining time), you know…

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