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1. Where did the man get the book?
A. From his brother. B. From the library. C. From a bookstore.
2. How does Mike usually go to school now?
A. By car. B. By bus. C. By bike.
3. What is the weather like now?
A. Cold but sunny. B. Windy and cold. C. Sunny and warm.
4. What time does the woman want to meet the man?
A. At 1:00 p.m. B. At 1:30 p.m. C. At 2:00 p.m.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. What to have for dinner.
B. How to make Chinese food.
C. Where to find an Indian restaurant.
6. How often does the man go to the gym?
A. Twice a week. B. Five times a week. C. Every morning.
7. What does the woman want to go to the gym for?
A. Dancing. B. Running. C. Swimming.
8. What vehicle did the woman just take?
A. A taxi. B. A plane. C. A train.
9. How long will the woman rent the car?
A. For four days. B. For five days. C. For seven days.
10. What does Aron say about his mother?
A. She just changed jobs. B. She just moved to London. C. She just opened a law firm.
11. What will Aron be doing in Paris?
A. Looking for a job. B. Going to school. C. Taking a holiday.
12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Co-workers. B. Friends at school. C. Brother and sister.
13. How long will the exhibition in Italy last?
A. Two weeks. B. Four weeks. C. Eight weeks.
14. Where is the second stop of the exhibition tour?
A. Spain. B. Greece. C. Portugal.
15. Why won’t the speakers go to the exhibition on Saturday?
A. The woman has to go to classes.
B. The man has to work on his paper.
C. The museum will be crowded that day.
16. Where will the woman probably be on Friday morning?
A. In the library. B. At the gallery. C. In the classroom.
17. How many languages does Start Today teach at the moment?
A. 11. B. 22. C. 57.
18. Why do most people learn new languages according to the speaker?
A. To become language experts. B. To get better opportunities. C. To travel around the world.
19. What is the goal of Start Today?
A. To make education free through technology.
B. To develop more courses through technology.
C. To create private experiences through technology.
20. What is the learning process like at Start Today?
A. Very fun. B. Very boring. C. Very difficult.
21. Many educators are in favor of the necessity of punishment, which is vital to help children learn _______ between right and wrong at an early age.
A. discrimination B. distribution C. restriction D. revolution
22. We should never attempt to try climbing the mountain alone in life. Reach out to friends, family and others because that’s _______ they’re there for.
A. why B. what C. when D. whom
23. Many adolescents are forced to study subjects, which, in their views, are _______ from their daily lives, making them tired of the process of studying.
A. free B. remote C. absent D. different
24. —How should I deal with my old flat?
—Sell it or you could, _______, hang onto it, hoping it will be worth a million in 10 years.
A. alternatively B. evidently C. typically D. relatively
25. A program launched by the bike-sharing company Mobike appeals to local residents _______ riders can use a mobile app to locate and unlock bikes conveniently.
A. which B. when C. whose D. where
26. Donald Trump _______ that the trade war against China would reduce the pressure from his political opponents, which, however, turned out to be a big failure.
A. calculated B. concluded C. contradicted D. condemned
27. Some developing countries will feel the economic squeeze and fail to focus on long-term development to end poverty, _______ heavy debts remain.
A. unless B. though C. even if D. provided that
28. In Xi’s report, investors are thrilled to see China’s promising blueprints, without which they assume their business _______ unstable.
A. were B. had been C. would be D. would have been
29. —To our relief, rescue work is under way in the quake-hit area in Mexico.
—Yes, volunteers are helping to distribute the donated provisions that _______.
A. were pouring in B. have been pouring in
C. are poured in D. had been poured in
30. Don’t be afraid of forgetting things you have learned, because something that stays in your mind will _______ in your life someday.
A. make up B. light up C. spring up D. end up
31. Doubts about its safety _______, much importance is attached to the development and promotion of Chinese traditional medicine.
A. faded away B. fading away C. fade away D. to fade away
32. —Bill Gates has become a newly-elected member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
—_______, in my view, for his great contribution to science and technology.
A. He asks for it B. He means it C. He deserves it D. It serves him right
33. —Has Andrew replied to the invitation of your wedding party?
—Yes, but his answer _______ a complete refusal.
A. added to B. referred to C. contributed to D. amounted to
34. In G7 Summit held in Canada, divisions between USA and other countries, in some critics’ opinion, were just papered over but by no means _______.
A. they were fully solved B. they had been fully solved
C. were they fully solved D. had they been fully solved
35. —David’s remarks on my school performance are really disgusting.
—It was simply _______. He meant no offence by it.
A. his cup of tea B. the apple of his eye
C. a child’s play D. a slip of the tongue
On a recent sunny, dry fall morning, I found the last outdoor table at my favorite café. Reading 36 I nibbled my breakfast, I was enjoying the feeling of the cool breeze and the warm sun when a table next to me 37 . A woman who had been standing nearby, 38 waiting for a seat, stepped toward the table. But from the other 39 , straight from the parking lot, came a man who got to the table first.
The woman, with a 40 on her face, explained that she’d been 41 that table for several minutes and had been on her way over. The man, also smiling but 42 , told her she was out of 43 ; he had happened upon the table first. “You snooze, you lose!” he said cheerfully.
She stood off to the side, clearly disappointed, and 44 her friend with the frustrating news. I sat at my table, 45 the scene, when suddenly it occurred to me—I had a(n) 46 here to be kind.
I stood up and 47 her over to my table. Quietly, I told her I had seen what had happened, and I was happy to give her my table. I was only going to be there a few more minutes 48 , so I was happy for her and her friend to have the 49 .
“But where will you sit?” she asked. I was almost done eating, I said, and I would find a seat at the counter 50 . She thanked me and beamed as she 51 for her friend to sit down.
Thinking about it as I finished up, I realized that whether or not the woman had fair 52 to the table was unimportant. The emotion of the situation—the look of hurt on her face—had 53 me, and I had the ability to do something about it.
That isn’t always the case with every feeling, situation, or injustice we 54 unexpectedly in our days. But as the early 20th century writer Orison Swett Marden once said, “Don’t wait for extraordinary opportunities. 55 common occasions and make them great.”
I just hope that woman’s morning at the café was great. I know mine was.
36. A. till B. after C. as D. before
37. A. closed up B. opened up C. looked up D. showed up
38. A. hesitantly B. clearly C. seemingly D. steadily
39. A. entrance B. angle C. gate D. direction
40. A. smile B. shock C. glare D. gaze
41. A. monitoring B. watching C. minding D. wandering
42. A. firm B. impatient C. elegant D. reluctant
43. A. order B. luck C. shape D. place
44. A. served B. compared C. loaded D. greeted
45. A. taking down B. taking up C. taking in D. taking over
46. A. scene B. opportunity C. access D. passion
47. A. followed B. guided C. signaled D. rushed
48. A. anyway B. someway C. somewhere D. anywhere
49. A. floor B. spot C. moment D. kindness
50. A. downstairs B. upstairs C. outside D. inside
51. A. gestured B. headed C. waited D. sent
52. A. passage B. claim C. approach D. admission
53. A. shamed B. surprised C. struck D. scared
54. A. repeat B. hate C. tolerate D. meet
55. A. Mark B. Hold C. Celebrate D. Seize
AFTER AMAZON ECHO MISFIRE, WAYS TO PROTECT YOUR OWN PRIVACY
Revelations that an Amazon Echo smart speaker accidentally sent a family’s private conversation to an acquaintance highlights some unexpected privacy risks of new voice-enabled technologies. There’s no way to totally avoid these sorts of privacy risks except unplugging them entirely, but you can minimize the unpleasant privacy surprises with these tips:
KILL THE MIC: Most smart speakers have a physical button to disable the microphone, so a private conversation can’t be recorded to begin with. You can hit that when you’re having sensitive conversations. It doesn’t make sense to keep the mic disabled throughout the day, though.
LIMIT THE MIC: Disabling the microphone isn’t practical on a smartphone, but you can limit what apps have access to it. Go to the settings and turn off mic access to all but essential apps such as voice recorders or video conferencing.
ABOUT THAT CAMERA: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg famously puts a piece of tape over his laptop’s camera to prevent spying if anyone were to hack his device. Buy yourself a roll. Or use bandages. If you have a home-security camera that’s connected to the Internet, turn the camera to the wall when you’re home.
BLOCK THE SIGNALS: For smartphones and other gadgets you carry with you, a “Faraday bag” can help prevent unwanted spying. The good ones will block cellular and other signals, meaning privacy-compromising information such as your location won’t leak out either. However, your phone won’t get any calls while it’s in the bag.
Of course, the safest approach is not to buy a new gadget in the first place. That might not be practical these days, but do you really need a smart speaker or a television set that’s connected to the Internet?
56. What does the author suggest we should do in order to be risk-free?
A. Be cautious about using smart devices. B. Be particular about the devices we buy.
C. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions. D. Kill the power or not buy devices at all.
57. If a CEO needs to organize a video conference while on a trip, he is advised to ________.
A. kill the MIC B. limit the MIC
C. cover the camera D. block the signals
Cheating is nothing new. But it’s becoming a lot more sophisticated. Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin was caught out once. A photo taken after the speech she’d given on a “return to conservative principles” showed her left hand covered with crib notes. These included the words “energy, budget cuts, tax” and “lift Americans’ spirits”. The word “budget” had been crossed out. Video footage also showed her reading from her hand when asked what top three things a conservative-led congress should do. Writing notes on your hand is one way to cheat in an exam. But these days, it’s a lot easier ... especially with the Internet.
Anyone who wants to cheat in an exam can probably find the answers online. There are hundreds of sites offering solutions to all sorts of tests. And it’s a lucrative business. One operator in Oregon made $700,000 in about nine months before his arrest. The owner of a website in Ohio pocketed more than $300,000. And a famous overseas site is estimated to sell about 146,000 sets of answers and take in about $10 million per year. Actually, getting hold of the exam answers isn’t that hard. Some do the exam themselves and use button cameras or document-scanning pens to copy the tests. Others organize for a group to take tests repeatedly until they can memorize the entire exam between them. Others simply bribe exam administrators.
At the moment, such business is booming. More and more companies now require their employees to take professional exams. And hundreds of businesses and trade organizations have introduced formal certification programs to measure employee skills. In the US alone, at least 2 million exams are taken every year for information technology certification. But employees also have to take exams for all sorts of professions from crane operators to court reporters to school bus drivers and financial planners. Test officials estimate that hundreds of thousands of test-takers have used the Internet to buy answers for professional tests. And a recent survey found that 28 percent of test centres had at least one cheating incident over the last five years. In one incident, tens of thousands of soldiers obtained answers to tests in a range of military skills.
Many see this as a cause for concern. Many tests are for work in sensitive areas such as defence installations and hospitals. Now, how would you feel if you knew that the people in charge of the computers controlling nuclear weapons might have cheated in their tests, and may not really know what they’re doing?
58. Why does the author mention Sarah Palin in the first paragraph?
A. To exhibit the fact that cheating is common in various fields.
B. To discourage average people from writing notes on their hands.
C. To show much disagreement as to cheating among political leaders.
D. To introduce the negative influences of cheating in front of the public.
59. The underlined word “lucrative” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ________.
A. ripe B. stable C. profitable D. fresh
60. What is the main cause of more cases of cheating?
A. The formation of employee skills. B. The availability of information technology.
C. The popularity of the cheating industry. D. The requirement of taking professional exams.
THE UK government has announced plans to tackle sources of air pollution, including popular wood-burning stoves, but its Clean Air Strategy, which was unveiled last week, fails to address the real problem.
Although pollution from woodburning stoves is a relatively new problem for the UK, it has long been a major one in countries such as Canada and New Zealand. And the take-home message from them as to controlling the release of harmful particulates in the air is simple: ban wood burning.
“There does not seem to be a limit below which there is no impact on health,” says Gary Fuller at King’s College London, whose team has shown that wood burning is now the source of a third of particulate pollution in UK cities.
As New Scientist reported last year, families with wood burners are likely to be exposed to the highest levels of pollution and their neighbours are next in the firing line, given that the particulates produced can easily escape from homes. Despite this, the UK government isn’t planning a ban. Instead, it wants “to prohibit the sale of the most polluting fuels”, such as wet wood. What’s more, lots of people with wood burners don’t buy wood from shops. Instead, they scrounge it from wherever they can, with building waste one popular source. This is a disaster in pollution terms as treated or painted wood can release highly toxic chemicals when burned. The plan is also to “ensure that only the cleanest stoves are available for sale by 2022”. But even the cleanest stove produces eight times as much pollution as a diesel truck, says Fuller.
Some cities actually required old wood stoves to be replaced with cleaner new ones. That has helped, but wood burning remains a major source of pollution, says Fuller. In most cases, conventional gas central heating plus properly insulating (使隔热) your home is less harmful in global-warming terms than switching to a wood burner.
Finally, there are separate but related EU laws that set limits on the maximum allowable concentrations of specific pollutants in the air at individual locations. The UK frequently breaches these: London’s Oxford Street often hits its annual limit within the first weeks of each year. As a result, the UK government has lost a series of court cases brought by the environmental organization ClientEarth. Separately, on 17 May, the UK and five other countries were referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union for their repeated failures to keep to these limits. If the government really wants to clean up the UK’s air, it has a lot more work to do.
61. What does the underlined word “them” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. The British authorities. B. Countries like Canada and New Zealand.
C. Details of Clean Air Strategy. D. Citizens in woodburning countries.
62. Why does the author think the UK government is doing a stupid job in terms of handling wood burning?
A. It is not worthwhile bothering to deal with wood burning.
B. It is impractical to get all the families to give up wood burning.
C. The government has failed to aim its policies at proper targets.
D. Citizens are forced to collect and burn treated or painted wood.
63. According to the author, to stay warm in winter, a Londoner had better ________.
A. turn to a cleaner stove B. put on more clothes
C. stick to central heating D. redecorate the house
64. What can be a suitable title for the passage?
A. No More Stoves B. Say Good-bye to Pollution
C. Clean Air Strategy D. Why Not Central Heating
I will absolutely be the first person to romanticize libraries. I come from a home with thirty-two bookcases, a count that does not include the several dozen boxes of books in the attic labeled “work” and “extra.” All these books are courtesy of my parents, both of whom were English majors in their day and in whose footsteps I never hesitated to follow. My childhood dream was of a house with a claw-foot bathtub, stained glass, and (most importantly) an enormous library made of built-in shelves, a sliding ladder, and window seats in every window. As a high school girl, I began working at the county library near my house, following up on two summers of volunteering with their summer reading program. I was all starry eyes and romantic visions of alphabetizing the classics and discovering gems among the new arrivals. What I found instead was that the life of a library was nothing like my daydreams, but far more important than I could have imagined.
There is no library that is only a library anymore. Modern libraries can’t afford and don’t try to be only a receptacle for free books. They offer classes, book groups, Internet access, resume and tax help, tutoring, and multimedia resources for anyone who might wander in. Librarians are equipped to help with research and give recommendations. Most libraries have access to interlibrary loans, making the acquisition of nearly any piece of material merely a matter of time. What makes libraries so unique and important, however, is none of the diversity of resources and opportunities for community that they most certainly provide.
____________________________________. Every building one enters today comes with some expectation of spending money. Restaurants require paying for service. Shops require the intention of purchasing something. Houses require rent. Anyone who has lived near the poverty line, whether or not they have actually been homeless, has felt the threatening pressure toward expenditure that permeates the public spaces of modern Western culture. Even a free restroom is becoming difficult to find, especially as growing cities experience ever-increasing space restrictions.
In a library, no one is asked to pay anything simply to sit. For those with few resources besides time, this is a godsend. Libraries are unofficial playgrounds for low-income families on rainy days, homeless shelters in cold months, reprieves from broken homes for grade-school-age children. They are the last bastions of quiet and calm where nothing is asked of one but to exist. Many arguments have been made about how the library is an outdated institution offering outdated services—that in the twenty-first-century how-to books on building sheds and daily newspaper copies are obsolete and the funding used for libraries ought to be reallocated to other programs. I can only assume that those who make such arguments are people who have always been comfortable with the expenditures it takes to move through the world. For those people, libraries can be about books. But not everyone has the luxury of seeing past the space.
Libraries, as they exist in the twenty-first century, are the only remaining public domain. In a library, anyone of any walk of life can come and go as they choose, and so long as they remain respectful of the space they can remain as long as they wish. Libraries welcome everyone, offering a place to be and easily accessible resources to the most vulnerable populations, whether in downtown Chicago or small-town Oklahoma. My childhood romantic vision of the library is still close to my heart, but the very real work that public libraries do today is so much more critical than a leather-bound edition of Homer or a graphic novel fresh off the press. Those are the things the library gives me, but libraries are for everyone.
65. What can we infer from Paragraph 1?
A. The author has a vivid memory of her childhood life.
B. The author had an appetite for reading long before.
C. The author’s early romantic visions proved untrue.
D. The author’s parents deliberately tricked her into reading.
66. Why does the author talk about the diverse services modern libraries provide?
A. Modern libraries make reading more enjoyable than before.
B. People nowadays come to libraries for different purposes.
C. The core essence of public libraries remains unchanged.
D. Technological changes become a must in modern libraries.
67. Which of the following sentences will best suit the missing part in Paragraph 3?
A. Libraries are a place in every town and city for people to have inner peace.
B. Libraries are the last place in every town and city that people can simply exist.
C. Libraries are temporary shelters in every town and city for people to escape reality.
D. Libraries are free restrooms with much spare space in every town and city.
68. According to the author, who are most likely to frequent libraries?
A. Rich businessmen faced with huge pressure. B. Young adolescents loaded with school work.
C. School children coming from broken homes. D. Senior citizens looking for old companions.
69. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 imply?
A. Libraries provide them with no more than books.
B. Books plus diverse services should be provided.
C. They don’t have to go to libraries to read books.
D. The books and services in libraries are outdated.
70. The author wrote the passage to ________.
A. express deep affection for public libraries B. describe problems libraries are faced with
C. call on more people to read in libraries D. illustrate the necessity of public libraries
All company leaders will face major business decisions throughout their time as the heads of their organizations. Difficult decisions related to activities such as M&A, leadership changes, restructuring, and massive growth plans will directly impact the company’s employees.
If you’ve already established trust with your workforce, you can significantly minimize potential negative impacts and make sure your employees will buy into your decisions, even if they don’t necessarily agree with them. But earning their faith takes time. As a leader, you are trusted only to the degree that people believe in your ability, consistency, and commitment to deliver. The good news is that there do exist some strategies to help you earn confidence.
Instill trust through an employee engagement program
By encouraging consistent feedback and establishing an honest environment, employees will trust the direction and information you give them. Create a highly engaged culture by prioritizing real-time recognition, continuous feedback, and ongoing goal-setting.
• Change and react with meaningful conversations. You’ve likely had to adjust your business plan in the middle of the year. Real-time, continuous communication helps you keep employees in the loop and adjust to expectations as your organization’s needs change.
• Giving timely feedback is the most effective way to communicate expectations. Not only that, but saving your big praise until the end of the year isn’t just ineffective—it makes it more difficult to deliver.
• Ongoing goal-setting can help people understand where their contributions fit within the organization and where they need to aim. Better yet, these can be transparent across the organization so everyone is held accountable for the outcomes and behaviors that drive your business and cultural success.
Gather and measure sentiment (情感) during times of change
Part of the difficulty in making tough business decisions is that leaders don’t want to surprise or disappoint employees. Think about the last time you made a major company-wide announcement. Did you know if employees were happy? Were they shocked? Or even worse, did you have no insight into their reactions at all? If you regularly measure employee sentiment through real-time pulse surveys—especially during times of change—you can more accurately pinpoint reactions and cope with issues immediately. The results of these pulse surveys empower your leadership team to be more forthcoming, moving forward, earning the trust of employees and strengthening a transparent company culture.
If there is a strong link between employees and managers to the goals of the organization, the vision and values of the company will be embraced by all.
At the end of the day, the mindset shouldn’t be about how you can make tough decisions easier, but how you can make those decisions in a way that won’t negatively impact your employees or your organization’s objectives. Create a cooperative feedback culture, and when the time comes to make difficult decisions, you know that with your team’s insights in mind and trust in the leadership, the decision will be accepted willingly.
Earning employee’s faith takes time
Passage outline Supporting details
Introduction ◆ Trust from workforce can minimize negative impacts of difficult decisions and ensure employees’ (71) ▲ of your decisions.
◆ Only when employees think you are capable, consistent, and (72) ▲ will they believe in you.
(73) ▲ on (74) ▲ employees in some programs.
◆ Timely and continuous communication is necessary because proper (75) ▲ are likely to be made to your business plan.
◆ Real-time feedback is valuable in communicating expectations and the (76) ▲ in giving praise will make it harder to deliver.
◆ Ongoing goal-setting can make employees (77) ▲ of where their aims are.
Gather and measure sentiment during times of change.
◆ Regular measurement of employee sentiment can help you know how they react so that you can (78) ▲ issues instantly.
◆ The vision and values of the company will be widely accepted if employees and managers are closely united in order to (79) ▲ their common goal.
Conclusion It is the (80) ▲ impact of your decisions on the organization’s objectives and the creation of a cooperative feedback culture that count.
1-5 ACACA 6-10 BCBCA 11-15 BBABC 16-20 CBBCA
21-25 ABBAD 26-30 ADCBC 31-35 BCDCD
36-40 CBBDA 41-45 BABDC 46-50 BCABD 51-55 ABCDD
56-57 DB 58-60 ACD 61-64 BCCA 65-70 BCBCAD
71. approval/acceptance 72. committed/devoted/dedicated 73. rely/depend/count
74. Involve/Engage 75. adjustments/changes 76. delay
77. aware/conscious 78. handle/address/approach/tackle
79. achieve/attain/reach 80. positive
Recent years have witnessed a steady increase in the number of readers in China. With modern technologies transforming people’s reading habits, reading among Chinese people has taken on diverse forms. (30 words)
From my perspective, more people will take to reading with the emergence of diverse forms of reading, for which there are several reasons. On one hand, digital reading has a wide appeal for young people, which can spare them the trouble of carrying heavy books here and there. On the other hand, reading printed books in a traditional way is still favored by old people, most of whom are poor at using digital devices.
In terms of forms of reading, people’s choices vary from person to person. As for me, I opt for digital reading because it is convenient for me to find resources anytime anywhere. Besides, exchanging views with the writer online about the book is easy and cosy. (120 words)
1. What is the man?
A. A driver. B. A passenger. C. A doctor.
2. What kind of problem is Henry trying to solve?
A. English. B. Geography. C. Physics.
3. What did the speakers do yesterday?
A. They played tennis. B. They played video games.
C. They stayed alone at home.
4. How much did the woman pay for her air cleaner in total?
A. $ 226. B. $229. C. $232.
5. Who is Jessie?
A. The man’s sister. B. The woman’s sister. C. The woman’s classmate.
6. How long does the man lift weight?
A. For 30 minutes. B. For 45 minutes. C. For 1 hour.
7. How many times did the man go to work out last week?
A. Four times. B. Twice. C. Once.
8. Why did the man put the paper on the floor?
A. He saw other people doing this.
B. The basket had been taken outside.
C. The basket was full.
9. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
A. In the playground. B. In the classroom. C. At the back of the school.
10. What class are the speakers talking about?
A. Biology. B. History. C. Chemistry.
11. What does the man think about the professor?
A. Smart and fun.
B. Easy-going but boring.
C. Demanding but an easy grader.
12. How does the woman feel after hearing about the professor?
A. Worried. B. Relieved. C. Angry.
13. What does the woman want to buy?
A. Some bread. B. A coat. C. Some sandwiches.
14. What is the woman probably?
A. A mother. B. A teacher. C. A waitress.
15. What can we learn about the boy?
A. He answered a phone from his father.
B. He likes playing tennis.
C. He helps the woman find the sandwich.
16. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Call her husband. B. Go shopping. C. Have lunch with the boy.
17. When was Michael Douglas born?
A. In 1944. B. In 1945. C. In 1975.
18. What was his role in the TV series, The Streets of San Francisco?
A. A star. B. A showman. C. A policeman.
19. How many Oscars did the film, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, win?
A. Three. B. Four. C. Five.
20. When did Michael Douglas’s output begin slowing down?
A. After he married. B. After he had two children. C. After he had throat cancer.
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Llandovery, Wale, UK
Language and Music for Life (LMFL) — Founded in 1997, LMFL offers unique 2-week summer music and language courses. LMFL provides quality one-to-one training in a wide range of instruments & voice lessons for highly-motivated musicians of all ages.
Study programs & classes include: 2 weeks with Musical Masterclasses: Composition; Violin; Piano; Recorder; Guitar and Classical Singing...
France Langue and Culture (FLC) — Experience a fun, educational language holiday for all the family this summer! FLC is the most family-friendly language school providing French summer classes for teens and young children.
Study programs & classes include: 1- 4 Week Sessions. Children’s Summer Camps for ages 4-12, with homestay accommodation by French host families.
Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
Edu-Inter Summer Language School (EI) — EI offers summer French programs for children and teenagers (ages 10-17) and adults (16+). Quebec City is the only major city in Canada that offers a 100% French-speaking environment, making it the ideal location for learning and practicing French.
Study programs & classes include: 2 weeks’ Summer French Programs: For Children & Teenagers (ages 10-17). French & Dance. French & Horse Riding...
Cambridge, England, UK
Reach Cambridge — Academic Camps (RC) — RC offers UK & international high school students the opportunity to gain an invaluable academic experience through a summer course. We provide unique and academic programs for students (ages 14-18).
Study programs & classes include: 3 weeks’ Summer Camps. Chemistry & Medicine. Computer Science & Math. Economics & ESL...
21. Why is Quebec the ideal location for learning and practicing French?
A. It offers summer French programs.
B. It is the only major city in Canada.
C. It has a Summer French Language School.
D. It has a 100% French-speaking environment.
22. If a boy is 18 and loves computer science, which summer camp suits him best?
A. LMFL. B. FLC. C. EI. D. RC.
23. It can be learned from the passage that ____________.
A. RC helps kids improve their horse-riding skill
B. kids can enjoy one-to-one training at LMFL
C. kids can stay at French host families at EI
D. FLC was founded in 1997 in France
I was wandering around the Albuquerque International Sunport Airport. My flight had been delayed and I heard an announcement: “If anyone near Gate A – 4 understands Arabic(阿拉伯语)，please come to the gate immediately. ” Gate A – 4 was my own gate. I went there.
An older woman was crumpled (蜷缩成一团的) on the floor, she reminded me of my grandmother.
“Talk to her,” urged the flight agent. “We told her the flight was going to be late, and she did this.”
I bent over to put my arm around the woman and spoke uncertainly. “Shu-dow-a, shu-bid-uck, habibti? She stopped crying. She thought the flight had been canceled. She needed to be in El Paso for a medical treatment the next day. I said, “You’ll get there, just late. Who is picking you up? Let’s call him.”
We called her son. In English, I told him that I would stay with his mother until we got on the plane. She talked with him. Then we called her other sons just for fun. Then we called my dad, and they spoke for a while in Arabic and found out that they had several shared friends. After that, I called some Palestinian poets I know and let them chat with her.
She was laughing a lot by then, patting my knee and answering questions. She pulled a bag of home-made cookies filled with nuts and topped with sugar from her bag and offered them to the women at the gate. To my amazement, no one refused. It was like a sacrament (圣餐). The traveler from Argentina, the mom from California, the lovely woman from Laredo —we were all smiling, covered with the same sugar.
I looked around that gate and thought: This is the world I want to live in, one with no anxiety. This can still happen anywhere, I thought. Not everything is lost.
24. What can we learn about the author?
A. She was highly skilled in speaking Arabic.
B. Her grandmother saw her off at the airport.
C. She took the same flight with the older woman.
D. Her father was an acquaintance of the older woman.
25. Why did the older woman burst into tears at the boarding gate?
A. Her flight ticket seemed to have got lost.
B. She couldn’t make herself fully understood.
C. Her flight was canceled because of bad weather.
D. She thought she couldn’t make it for her treatment.
26. Which words can best describe the author?
A. Brilliant. B. Considerate.
C. Generous. D. Extraordinary.
27. What could be the best title for this passage?
A. A Delayed Flight in Albuquerque B. A Strange Palestinian Woman
C. Cookies at Gate A – 4 D. A Wonderful World
Standing in line for the latest iPhone at the Apple store, queueing for tickets to Wimbledon or even just waiting at the post office might just have got a lot easier. Japanese car-maker Nissan (尼桑)claims to have just the thing to relieve the sore(酸痛的) legs of tired queuers.
The new system of “self-driving” chairs is designed to detect when someone at the front of the queue is called, and automatically move everyone else one step forward in line. The new invention is shown off in a company video, which shows a busy restaurant with customers waiting outside.
In the video, diners are sitting in a row of chairs, but will not have to stand when the next hungry diner is called to a table. Instead, the chairs, equipped with autonomous technology that detects the seat ahead, move along a path toward the front of the line. When the person at the front of the queue is called, the empty chair at the front can sense it is empty and so moves out of pole position. Cameras on the remaining chairs then sense the movement and follow automatically.
The system, which is similar to the kind used in Nissan’s autonomous vehicle technology, will be tested at selected restaurants in Japan this year. Nissan said. “It appeals to anyone who has queued for hours outside a crowded restaurant: it eliminates the boredom and physical pain of standing in line,” Nissan added.
Although Tokyo has some 160,000 restaurants, long queues are not uncommon. Chosen restaurants that meet the criteria will be able to show the chairs outside their restaurant next year. Nissan also released a short video showing the chairs being used in an art gallery, moving slowly in front of the various paintings to let viewers appreciate the art without the need to stand up.
28. What can we know about the “self-driving” chairs from the text?
A. They are in hot demand like iPhone.
B. They are intended for queueing diners.
C. They are the invention of a car company.
D. They are completely different from vehicle technology.
29. What enables the chairs to detect the seat ahead?
A. Pole position. B. Autonomous technology.
C. Cameras equipped on them. D. Sensors equipped along the path.
30. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “eliminates” in Paragraph 4?
A. Steals. B. Reduces. C. Removes. D. Hides.
31. What can be inferred from the last two paragraphs?
A. Queueing is a rare scene outside Japanese restaurants.
B. “Self-driving” chairs are the most useful in art galleries.
C. Japanese people prefer eating in restaurants to at home.
D. “Self-driving” chairs haven’t been in official use in restaurants.
Encouraging pupils to keep noise to a minimum should be a valuable part of all children’s education, according to a new research.
Dr. Helen Lees, from Stirling University’s school of education, says that “enforced (强制的) silence” is seen as a punishment and often acts to suppress children’s natural ability. But she says that teaching children about the benefits of “enforced silence” — deliberate stillness that gives them the opportunity to focus and reflect in a stress-free environment — can have a significant effect on pupils’ concentration and behaviour.
It is the latest in a string of researches to establish a link between the classroom environment and pupils’ academic ability.
A study almost a decade ago in London found that children’s exam results were cut by as much as a third if they taught in noisy classrooms. Teaching unions have also called for a limit of 26℃ to be put on classroom temperatures because teachers and pupils struggle to work in hot conditions and some educationalists claim that too much clutter(杂乱的东西) on classroom walls can prevent children from concentrating.
Dr. Lees said: “When we take some research on school settings and put it all together, what we see is that education without silence does not make much sense. In areas of better learning outcomes, better self-confidence and well-being measures, enforced silence in a person’s life and an individual’s education is shown throughout the relevant research to be a benefit.”
Dozens of schools across Britain already introduce periods of “reflective silence” into the timetable.
Kevin Hogston, head of Sheringdale Primary, south London, has just introduced a minute’s silence at the start of twice-weekly meetings in which children are taught breathing techniques and encouraged to reflect. The school plans to introduce it into classrooms every day.
32. According to Dr. Helen Lees, “enforced silence” _____________.
A. is an effective way of punishment
B. does not make much sense in class
C. can improve pupils’ confidence
D. can make pupils more creative
33. The underlined word, “suppress”, in the second paragraph probably means “_________”.
A. prevent something from developing
B. make something better than before
C. get something back
D. unite with something.
34. What can be inferred from the research on school settings?
A. Students are more creative if taught in noisy classrooms.
B. Silence makes a great difference to pupils.
C. Clutter on the walls can help students concentrate.
D. Most schools are not satisfactory in terms of classroom temperatures.
35. What is the passage mainly about?
A. How to arrange classroom settings.
B. How to achieve silence in class.
C. Encouraging pupils in class is beneficial.
D. Keeping quiet in class can improve academic ability.
A rejection letter is one of those letters that are not very easy to write. 36 . For example, organizations usually have to send rejection letters to applicants they cannot hire. So how to write a rejection letter?
Make the words professional and proper
What matters most in a rejection letter is the professional tone and wording. 37 . Instead, your choice of words should make the reader feel that he or she would do the same thing if they were in your place.
Keep it clear and simple
38 . Nobody likes to read a long, winding rejection letter. Therefore, it is better to deliver the message of rejection in the beginning itself. Clearly state that you have decided to reject the request or application. Don’t beat about the bush and don’t try to give the impression that your decision could change. 39 . Explain why your decision is good for everyone.
Conclude with a statement of goodwill(友好). You may have rejected this application, but if you intend to consider this person for another job in the future, you may express that as well. However, that isn’t always necessary. In some situations such endings might offend(冒犯) the reader.
A. End on a positive note
B. Make your decision as soon as possible
C. Never give away what you are going to do
D. Briefly state how you came to your decision
E. A rejection letter doesn’t have to be necessarily long
F. Don’t write anything that may make the reader feel bad
G. Although writing a rejection letter can be difficult, there are situations when it’s
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节， 满分45分)
I had just arrived in this Asian country for a one-year teaching position. One day, I took the subway to visit some ancient palaces and temples in the downtown. The following account of what happened to me has taught me much about culture 41 .
Since all the 42 were taken, I stood. Suddenly, I felt someone pulling on my bag. 43 I probably was in someone’s way, I moved over slightly. But in one quick motion(动作), I felt my bag removed from my back, and in a flash it was 44 . I turned around to see who the thief was. I looked at the people standing behind me, but didn’t see my bag or any 45 . My heart sank and I began to 46 .
I glanced around the car only to find directly across from me was an elderly lady, and sitting on her lap was my 47 . I tried to get it back from her lap. But as I began to 48 it up, she quickly grabbed(抓住) it back and held onto it. I looked around at the people standing beside me, and those sitting beside her, but no one took any 49 of the situation. Trying not to cause a(an) 50 , I tried to negotiate through gestures. I used my hands as best as I could, but she 51 my requests for my bag and pointed to my back. She picked up my bag, showing how 52 it was. I finally began to understand. She was holding my bag to 53 me.
At the next stop, a middle-aged woman got on the crowded subway. Another elderly woman sitting down took her bag, 54 it on her lap. They didn’t talk; 55 this older woman was more than pleased to sit with this stranger’s bag on her lap throughout her journey.
As the subway pulled into the main downtown station and I was getting ready to get off, the woman 56 handed me back my bag. But 57 I had a chance to thank her, she had disappeared into the crowd.
Sadly, this considerate custom was more 58 to me than if I had been robbed. Everyone back home had heard of being robbed—that was 59 city behavior—but having a stranger hold onto someone’s bag out of 60 , in a city of twelve million people—that was truly unusual.
41. A. loss B. difference C. cause D. aim
42. A. seats B. cars C. buses D. stations
43. A. Deciding B. Expecting C. Admitting D. Assuming
44. A. broken B. gone C. opened D. emptied
45. A. dangerous B. nervous C. cautious D. suspicious
46. A. scream B. panic C. leave D. regret
47. A. book B. money C. bag D. map
48. A. bring B. pull C. check D. open
49. A. advantage B. charge C. notice D. photo
50. A. scene B. attack C. accident D. change
51. A. received B. handled C. ignored D. considered
52. A. heavy B. useful C. small D. special
53. A. remind B. tease C. frighten D. help
54. A. dropping B. tapping C. setting D. closing
55. A. or B. so C. because D. yet
56. A. gently B. gratefully C. angrily D. anxiously
57. A. before B. once C. until D. while
58. A. amusing B. surprising C. annoying D. disappointing
59. A. practical B. harmful C. usual D. suitable
60. A. curiosity B. pity C. desperation D. kindness
Why All Disney Princesses Wear Blue
If they’re not sleeping and waiting for Prince Charming to rescue them, they’re busy getting poisoned by poisonous apples or being forced 61 (do) heavy housework by evil relatives. But 62 turns out that even the most laidback(悠闲的) beauty is supposed to send a message of strength to young 63 (girl).
That’s because they all wear blue. From Jasmine to Belle, from Ariel to Snow White, they all wear blue. Far from stereotypical(老一套的) pinks, these princesses 64 (dress) in bold aqua(水蓝色), cornflower(矢车菊蓝). Even Dorothy form the Wizard of Oz (绿野仙踪) 65 (wear) a light blue pinafore and socks.
Why? Well, blue is 66 (apparent) the colour of trust, calmness as well 67 confidence. According to experts, we all have 68 natural preference for blue, partly because of the sky. It’s something to look forward to, to see that blue sky. It’s 69 (rely). It might cloud up, but we know it’s there.
Perhaps, Disney puts princesses in the colour to show that they’re those 70 are loyal and dependable.
I went to Mount Tai with one of my friends. Mount Tai is famous as the green mountains. When they arrived at the destination by the bus, we caught sight of many mountains by looking through the mist. Mount Tai was just like sleeping baby at that time. That impressed me most was the sunrise on Mount Tai. Stood on the top of the mountain, I see the sunshine giving out in all directions. The green mountains in the mist and the shocking expression on people’s face made a peaceful picture. The scenery of Mount Tai left a greatly impression on me.
1-5 ACBCB 6-10 BCCBB 11-15 CBAAC 16-20 CACCA
21-25 DDBCD 26-30 BCCBC 31-35 DCABD 36-40 GFEDA
41 - 45 BADBD 46 - 50 BCBCA 51- 55 CADCD 56 - 60 AABCD
61. to do 62. it 63. girls 64. are dressed 65. wears
66. Apparently 67. as 68. a 69. reliable 70. who
I went to Mount Tai with one of my friends. Mount Tai is famous as the green mountains. When they arrived at the destination by the bus, we caught sight of many mountains by looking through the mist. Mount Tai was just like∧ sleeping baby at that time. That impressed me most was the sunrise on Mount Tai. Stood on the top of the mountain, I see the sunshine giving out in all directions. The green mountains in the mist and the shocking expression on people’s face made a peaceful picture. The scenery of Mount Tai left a greatly impression on me.
We’re very glad that you have accepted our invitation to the party. I would like to offer our warm welcome to you and inform you of something that you need to know.
According to the plan, the party will begin at 6 pm next Friday and end at 8:30 pm. We will sing and play games at the party so I suggest that you wear casual clothes for your convenience. And we hope that you can prepare an English song and give a performance that day. I’m sure you’ll have a pleasant time with us. We are looking forward to seeing you next Friday afternoon.
1. What does the woman want the man to do now?
A. Paint the shelf for her. B. Help her fix the shelf. C. Look for the car key.
2. Who will visit Christian this evening?
A. Emma and her sister. B. Christian’s sister. C. Emma and the man.
3. When did the man graduate from university?
A. In 1975. B. In 1979. C. In 1985.
4. What does the woman recommend the man to do?
A. Play the violin. B. Play the guitar. C. Learn to paint.
5. What does the woman mean?
A. She is tired of being a housewife.
B. She regrets never taking a job before.
C. She wants to stay at home all day long.
6. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Summer jobs. B. Winter vacation. C. Summer camp.
7. Who worked as a waiter?
A. The woman. B. The man’s friend. C. The woman’s friend.
8. Where will the man find a job probably?
A. At the boys’ camp.
B. In a road building company.
C. At the Sea View Hotel.
9. Who might the woman be?
A. A nurse. B. A saleswoman. C. A designer.
10. What did the man ask the woman for?
A. Some medicine. B. Some information. C. Some money.
11. Which button should the man press to sit up straight?
A. The buttons at the top.
B. The buttons at the bottom.
C. The button in the middle.
12. Why doesn’t the boy want to be the president in the end?
A. He doesn’t want to get up early.
B. He doesn’t want to travel much.
C. He doesn’t want to be very busy.
13. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Mother and son. B. Teacher and student. C. Aunt and nephew.
14. What might the woman’s job be?
A. She’s a diver.
B. She’s a lifeguard.
C. She’s a swimming instructor.
15. Who called the ambulance?
A. The woman. B. One of the students. C. The man’s colleague.
16. When did the ambulance arrive?
A. Immediately. B. Ten minutes later. C. Twenty minutes later.
17. How did the girl react when she awoke?
A. She didn’t know what happened.
B. She went back in the pool.
C. She couldn’t help crying.
18. Why did the speaker feel sad along the way?
A. There were no sheep on the grassland.
B. It was too cloudy to travel that day.
C. The grassland was becoming a desert.
19. What animals do the greatest damage to the grass?
A. Cattle. B. Horses. C. Sheep.
20. What will the speaker do next?
A. Plant some trees at home.
B. Make some suggestions for others.
C. Try to solve the problem alone.
21. She was determined to marry an African boy, which was considered as a from tradition.
A. departure B. decline C. discrimination D. demand
22. In order to overcome the economic crisis, she a new idea for increasing sales.
A. put up with B. added up to C. came up with D. live up to
23. —Do you remember we got to know each other?
---It was in 2000 we both studied in Nanjing University.
A. when it was that; when B. when was it that; when
C. when it was that; that D. when was it that; that
24. As she more and more experience on the stage, the comedian’s confidence built up gradually.
A. abused B. accompanied C. accumulated D. accelerated
25. As our agent, you should send us your market report at least once every three month.
A. normally B. regularly C. universally D. completely
26. —When will the official permission be given for the event to take place?
---Not until good preparations for it.
A. have you made B. you will have made C. will you have made D. you have made
27. Although the doctor is claiming a major breakthrough in the fight against cancer, I am of his chances of curing the patients.
A. specific B. sceptical C. stable D. sincere
28. When to strong sunlight, babies tend to increase temperature, nervous and anxious.
A. expose; felt B. exposing; feeling C. exposed; feeling D. exposing; felt
29. Last night, I to be fully absorbed in my work, but found myself disturbed by noises from my neighbour upstairs.
A. had intended B. were intended C. intended D. had been intended
30. —I heard you would go to Dalian for your holiday?
—I , but I have some important business to deal with.
A. would like B. wanted C. was eager D. planned to
31. I don’t exactly know what the woman is, but I think she can be but a doctor.
A. anybody B. something C. anything D. everybody
32. But for Miss Liu’s help, I have been admitted into Peking University.
A. wouldn’t B. shouldn’t C. could D. might
33. The last line added was the Jubilee Line, which was open in 1979 the twenty-fifth anniversary of Elizabeth II being the queen.
A. in sight of B. in honour of C. in place of D. in favour of
34. —He was caught smoking while working in the gas station. So dangerous! He should have been warned of the potential risk.
--- , but he ignored my warnings.
A. So he had B. So had he C. So was he D. So he was
35. ---I had a quarrel with my seatmate yesterday. It is my fault so I feel very guilty.
—She is just over there. . Go and apologize to her.
A. It is up to you B. Believe it or not
C. To tell the truth D. You know the drill
There is something graceful about a well-made hurricane lamp, especially the antique ones. Mom had affection for them.
I can remember 36 through countless flea markets for hurricane lamps, which are 37 to keep their light lit through the 38 of moments. Mom tried hard to buy the lamps in 39 , as her favorite of all the lamps had no mate.
The spring after Mom’s first 40 with cancer, we went to a local craft fair to pass the time, to keep 41 . We were still waiting to hear from the doctors on the 42 of her follow-up tests. 43 to search something for my mom, I bounded ahead of her and baby brother as they 44 along the tables. I didn’t 45 far before something caught my eye. Standing proud on the display table sat a lamp.
I was excited, as I 46 back through the crowd to my mom. “Mom! You have to see something!” I shouted. “ 47 . I think I’m going to get these lamps. What do you think?” She 48 so 1 could see them but I didn’t even look at them. “You’ve got to see what I found first,” I 49 her through the fair. When she saw the lamp, she picked up the lamp 50 , running her fingers over the bowl, over the hurricane glass, and 51 it closely. “See this?” She pointed at a very small mark in the glass. “The one at home has the same mark.” She smiled. It was the first time I had seen her 52 smile since the doctors first found the cancer.
When the lamp 53 in our house, next to its mate, she cried. She went to light the lamps and sit on their glow until she could sleep. Years later, I understood her 54 for those lamps, through the darkest moments of her life. Mom was my hurricane lamp. She was inextinguishable (永不媳灭的) --- through the darkest moments. She lit my way without 55 . She still does.
36. A. seeing B. finding C. living D. searching
37. A. designed B. allowed C. decided D. evolved
38. A. happiest B. coldest C. busiest D. hardest
39. A. group B. double C. pairs D. packs
40. A. acquaintance B. battle C. knowledge D. appointment
41. A. busy B. merry C. leisure D. easy
42. A. results B. discussions C. procedures D. processes
43. A. Arranged B. Determined C. Required D. Permitted
44. A. wondered B. wandered C. ran D. hung
45. A. manage it B. do it C. make it D. carry it
46. A. jumped B. leaped C. walked D. raced
47. A. Hang on B. Hang about C. Hang around D. Hang up
48. A. held them on B. held them up C. held them back D. held them down
49. A. grabbed B. moved C. dragged D. caught
50. A. typically B. immediately C. occasionally D. hesitantly
51. A. inspecting B. looking C. testing D. knocking
52. A. finally B. deliberately C. lastly D. truly
53. A. took its way B. took its place C. took its control D. took its name
54. A. anxiety B. care C. need D. worry
55. A. fail B. sadness C. pain D. tear
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56. If Mr. Green wants someone to arrange all the details of his holiday on the Fraser Island, which one should he turn to?
A. Fraser Dingo Four Wheel Drive Adventures B. Fraser Magic 4WD Hire
C. Aussie Trax 4X4 Rentals D. None of them
57. When visiting the Fraser Island, tourists are likely to experience all EXCEPT .
A. taking an overnight walk B. having a comprehensive camping
C. getting close to the wildlife on the bay D. taking a flatboat crossing
Industrial emissions (排放) of carbon dioxide and other planet-warming greenhouse gases have raised the global average temperature by about 0.8°C since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. But studies have disagreed about what impact the rise is having on the world’s species, says Mark Urban, an ecologist at the University of Connecticut, Storrs. Some have estimated that as many as 54% of species could eventually become extinct as a result of the climate change, but others have suggested no significant impact.①
Such disparate result might originate from the limited nature of some individual studies, possibly because they focused only on a few species or a relatively small geographical region, says Urban.② To address these limits, Urban used statistical methods to help blend the results of previous studies into an apples-to-apples comparison that estimates the risk of extinction of species worldwide.
③He chose to analyze only the results of studies that had assessed extinction risks of more than one species. Then he researched into the details, such as the regions in which species considered, whether those species were limited to one small region or were widely spread, and whether the species were free to move as climate changed or were blocked by barriers such as mountain ranges or urban development.④
Effects of climate change aren’t always immediate, Urban says, and the risks of extinction he’s estimated are the long-term results of species not being able to find a suitable habitat. Maybe the habitat will merely shrink to a size that can’t support the species, or maybe it will disappear entirely. In some cases, he notes, a species might not be able to outpace the shift in its range, dying out before it can reach a new homeland. For over the generations that rapid warming might kill them off before they can spread to a suitable new habitat.
58. What is the passage aimed to tell us?
A. It is the Industrial Revolution that raised the global average temperature.
B. Mark Urban is an ecologist at the University of Connecticut, Storrs.
C. The climate change contributes to almost all the species dying out.
D. Global warming is not a main factor accounting for species extinction.
59. The sentence “And different teams have often used different methods to come up with their predictions.” can be placed in .
A.① B.② C.③ D.④
60. According to Mark Urban in Paragraph 4, some species died out mainly because of .
A. the rising temperatures B. human activities
C. their low birth rates D. the loss of their habitats
The first person in the world to receive two facial transplants says he is feeling well, three months after his latest groundbreaking operation.
Jerame Hamon had his first transplanted face removed last year after signs of rejection following a treatment with an antibiotic (抗生素) during a cold.
The 43 year old remained in a hospital in Paris without a face for two months while a compatible donor was sought.
He said: “The first face I accepted immediately. This time it’s the same.”
Mr. Hamon suffers from neurofibromatosis (多发性神经纤维瘤), a genetic condition that spoiled his face severely.
His first transplant, in 2010, was a success, but he caught a common cold in 2015 and was given antibiotics. The drug was incompatible with the immunosuppressive (免疫制疫的) treatment he was having to prevent a rejection of the transplanted material.
The first signs of rejection came in 2016 and last November, the face, suffering from the death of most of cells, had to be removed.
Mr. Hamon lived without a face in a room at Georges-Pompidou hospital in Paris without being able to see, speak or hear until January, when a face donor was found and the second transplant carried out.
To avoid further rejection, Mr. Hamon—dubbed “the man with three faces” by French media ―had special treatment to clean the blood prior to the transplant.
His new face remains smooth and motionless, and his skull, skin and features are yet to be fully matched. But he is positive about his recovery.
“If I hadn’t accepted this new face it would have been terrible. It’s a question of identity… But here we are, it’s good, it’s me,” he told AFP news agency from the hospital, where he is still recovering.
The hours-long operation was led by Prof Laurent Lantieri, a specialist in hand and face transplants who carried out Mr. Hamon’s initial surgery eight years ago.
“Today, we know that a double transplant is practicable, it’s no longer in the field of research,” he told Le Parisien newspaper.
Anaesthetist Bernard Cholley said: “Anyone who loses their face and then has to wait for a possible and imagined transplant for an unknown length of time—that’s something that nobody has ever had to go through here.”
“I’m amazed by the courage of a patient who has been able to get through such a different experience.”
The first face transplant was carried out in 2005 in northern France. Since then, some 40 operations have been performed around the world.
61. What is the meaning of the word “compatible” (underlined in Paragraph 3)?
A. accessible B. adaptable C. adjustable D. acceptable
62. From the passage we can learn that .
A. Mr. Hamon has fully recovered from his new operation
B. Prof Laurent Lantieri carried out two face surgeries on Mr. Hamon
C. Mr. Hamon is the first one in the world to receive a face transplant
D. Mr. Hamon received his second face transplant in 2016
63. What is the correct order of what happened to Mr. Hamon?
a. His first transplanted face had to be removed.
b. He was given antibiotics.
c. He suffers from neurofibromatosis.
d. He received the first transplant.
e. He caught a common cold.
A. cdeba B. ebdca C. cbdea D.ecbda
64. What is the best title of this passage?
A, A man with two faces B. Prof Laurent Lantieri success stories
C. Successful Double Transplants D. A groundbreaking operation
Are you a different person when you speak a foreign language? That’s just one of the questions the New Yorker’s writer and native North Carolinian Lauren Collins explores in her autobiography, about her tough efforts to master French after marrying a Frenchman whose name —Olivier---she couldn’t even pronounce properly. When in French ranges from the humorously personal story to a deeper look at various theories of language acquisition and linguistics (语言学).
The couple met in London “on more or less neutral ground: his continent, my language.” But the balance shifted when they moved to Geneva for Olivier’s work. The normally voluble (健谈的) Collins found herself at a loss — “nearly speechless.” The language barrier, and her dependence on her husband for simple things like buying the right cut of meat worsened her mixed feelings about “unlovely, but not ridiculous” Geneva. She comments, “Language, as much as land, is a place. To be cut off from it is to be, in a sense, homeless.”
Her sense of alienation (疏离感) leads to an examination of America’s miserable record when it comes to foreign languages, “Linguists call America ‘the graveyard of languages’ because of its singular ability to take in millions of immigrants and make their native languages die out in a few generations,” Collins writes. Educated in Wilmington, N.C., and at Princeton, she could --- like the vast majority of Americans — only speak their mother tongue.
Eight months after she moved to Switzerland, Collins gives up on the natural acquisition of language and finally attends a French course. As she struggles with grammar and vocabulary, Collins notes smartly that vert (green),verre (glass), ver (worm), vers (toward), and vair (squirrel) compose a quintuple homonym (同形异义). “Although it’s difficult, French can try” she says.
French is actually considered among the easiest languages for an English speaker to learn, especially compared to Arabic or Mandarin Chinese. Collins, whose notably rich English vocabulary includes glossolalia (nonsense speech) and shibboleth (catchword or slogan), finds plenty of terrific French words to love. She writes, “English is a trust fund, an unearned inheritance (遗产), but I’ve worked for every bit of French I’ve banked.”
Unlike Jhumpa Lahiri, who became so hooked on Italian and used it to write In Other Words, Collins’s goals for learning French were more modest, “I wanted to speak French and to sound like North Carolina.” She also wanted to be able to deal with chimney sweeps and butchers, communicate with her in-laws, and “to touch Olivier in his own language.” She admits that she feels different speaking French. ‘‘Its austerity (朴素) made me feel more confused.”
Readers looking for the romantic spark of classic cross-cultural love stories featuring an outgoing American and a shy Frenchman will find flashes of it here. Among the many cultural differences the couple argue over are her enthusiastic American habit of applying the verb love to express enthusiasm for shoes, strawberries, and husbands alike. But there’s far more to Collins, book than fantastic comedy, and those who have experienced linguistic crossings themselves tend to find particular resonance (共鸣) in its inquiry into language, identity, and transcultural translation.
Arranged by chapters named for verb tenses, When in French works its way from The Past Perfect (Le plus-que-parfait) to The Present (Le Present) and The Conditional (Le Conditionnel). Collins ends on a delightful note with Le Futur---fitting for a new mother about to move with her hard-won French husband, French language, and Swiss-born daughter to the French-speaking city of her dreams, Paris.
65. Which of the following statements is NOT the reason why Collin studied French?
A. She is eager to understand her husband in his own language.
B. She aims at dealing with everyday life affairs in French.
C. She wants to communicate with her husband’s relatives freely.
D. She tries to apply French to serve her writing career.
66. What does she mean by her comments “Language, as much as land, is a place. To be cut off from it is to be, in a sense, homeless.” in paragraph2?
A. Understanding the language of a country helps you find the sense of belonging there.
B. If you understand the language of one country, you can get a house easily there.
C. You should forget your native language in order to get a home in a foreign country.
D. Language, as well as land, is a place on which you can build your own home.
67. What can be inferred from Paragraph 3?
A. Only English-speaking people can immigrate into America.
B. Other languages except English are forbidden in American’s universities.
C. American culture replaces immigrants, native languages gradually.
D. So many immigrants may die very soon in America.
68. Who can find particular resonance (共鸣) in When in French?
A. Those who have to learn a foreign language.
B. Those who have suffered from linguistic crossings.
C. Those who became addicted to French.
D. Those whose native languages have died out.
69. Which of the following has the closest meaning to the underlined word “Le Futur” in the last paragraph?
A. The past B. The Present Perfect C. The Future D. The Present Continuous
70. This text would be probably found in .
A. science section of a local newspaper
B. literature section of a science journal
C. biography section of a social magazine
D. review and recommendation of a magazine.
A recent study points out a so-called “gender-equality paradox(性别平等悖论)”:there are more women in STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) in countries with lower gender equality. Why do women make up 40 percent of engineering majors in Jordan, but only 34 percent in Sweden and 19 percent in the U.S.? The researchers suggest that women are just less interested in STEM, and when liberal Western countries let them choose freely, they freely choose different fields.
From cradle to classroom, a wealth of research shows that the environment has a major influence on girls’ interest and ability in math and science. Early in school, teachers, unconscious prejudice push girls away from STEM. By their preteen years, girls outperform boys in science class and report equal interest in the subject, but parents think that science is harder and less interesting for their daughters than their sons, and these misunderstandings predict their children’s career choices.
Later in life, women get less credit than men for the same math performance. When female STEM majors write to potential PhD advisors, they are less likely to get a response. When STEM professors review applications for research positions, they are less likely to hire “Jennifer” than “John,” even when both applications are otherwise identical—and if they do hire “Jennifer,” they pay her $4,000 less.
These findings make it clear that women in Western countries are not freely expressing their lack of “interest” in STEM. In fact, cultural attitudes and discrimination are shaping women’s interests in a way that is anything but free, even in otherwise free countries.
“Gender-equality paradox” research misses those social factors because it relies on a broad measure of equality called the Gender Gap Index (GGI), which tracks indicators such as wage difference, government representation and health outcomes. These are important markers of progress, but if we want to explain something as complicated as gender representation in STEM, we have to look into people’s heads.
Fortunately, we have ways to do that. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is a well-validated tool for measuring how tightly two concepts are tied together in people’s minds. The psychologist Brian Nosek and his colleagues analyzed over 500,000 responses to a version of the IAT that measures mental associations between men/women and science, and compared results from 34 countries. Across the world, people associated science more strongly with men than with women.
But surprisingly, these gendered associations were stronger in supposedly egalitarian (主张平等的) Sweden than they were in the U.S., and the most pro-female scores came from Jordan. We re-analyzed the study’s data and found that the GGI’s assessment of overall gender equality of a country has nothing to do with that country’s scores on the science IAT.
That means the GGI fails to account for cultural attitudes toward women in science and the complicated mix of history and culture that forms those attitudes.
Comparison A recent study The author’s idea
Opinions “Gender-equality paradox” (71) ▲ from the personal reason that women are less interested in STEM. The environment including cultural attitudes and discrimination is (72) ▲ women’s interests.
Facts (73) ▲ with Jordan and Sweden, America had the least percentage of women majoring in engineering. • Early in school: Girls perform
(74) ▲ than boys in science.
• Later in life: Female STEM majors are more likely to be (75) ▲ by potential PhD advisors.
Tools It is (76) ▲ on GGI. IAT (77) ▲ how tightly two concepts are tied together in people’s minds.
Findings Women in liberal Western countries tend to (78) ▲ STEM. • The GGFs assessment of overall gender equality is not (79) ▲ to that country’s scores on the science IAT.
• The GGI can’t (80) ▲ people’s cultural attitudes towards women in science, which are formed by a mix of history and culture.
A: Today’s university students depend on their parents too much.
You see, the boy even doesn’t know how to wash socks.
B: Oh, it’s awful. Both parents and children are to blame.
A: Yeah. Learning to be independent is a must.
B: Parents can’t help children to do everything. And children should learn to take care of themselves, too.
1—5 BCBCA 6—10 ACBAB 11—15 ACCBB 16—20 CACCB
二、单项选择：21-25 ACACB 26-30 DBCAD 31-35 CABDD
三、完形填空：36—40 DADCB 41—45 AABBC 46—50 DABCB 51—55 ADBCA
四、阅读理解：56—57 CC 58—60 DBD 61-64 DBAD 65-70 DACBCD
71. results/comes/originates/arises 72. influencing/shaping/affecting/determining 73. Compared
74. better 75. rejected/refused 76. based/ built/reliant 77. measures 78. avoid 79. related 80. explain
One possible version:
University students rely too much on their parents in China, which is a very big problem. According to the picture, the boy is calling his mother for instructions on how to wash socks.
From my point of view, it’s parents and students that should take the blame for their lack of self-independence. For one thing, parents discourage their children from trying to be independent. They usually take control of every little detail in the daily life, rather than give children chances to do some easy housework. For another, students take everything in their life for granted, thinking it’s parents’ duty to feed them, clothe them and even clean their messes.
Taking these factors into consideration, measures must be taken immediately to strengthen students’ self-independence. For parents, keep in mind that trust and encouragement make a difference. They are expected to motivate students to take responsibility for themselves. For us students, it’s high time that we should learn to meet challenges in life bravely.
M: I can’t find the key to the car. I need to go to the shops.
W: I’ll look for it later. Right now I want you to help fix the shelf before I paint it.
M: Hello, Emma. Are you sure that Christian has come back from Austria?
W: Yes. His sister told me. I’m going to visit him this evening.
M: Do you think I can go with you?
W: Of course you can. Wait at home and I’ll call you later.
W: Would you like to tell me something about your university life?
M: Sure. I was admitted to Cambridge in 1975, and I graduated four years later. I finally became a lawyer ten years after I graduated.
M: I’ve been thinking of learning to play an instrument. I can’t decide between the violin and the guitar. What do you think?
W: Knowing how musical you are, maybe you should take up painting!
M: Oh, what’s wrong with you, my dear?
W: I feel so bored. I have to stay at home all day long doing housework and taking care of the kids. They always make the house a mess. I can’t bear it! How I wish I hadn’t quit my job!
W: It’s almost vacation time. Have you found a summer job yet?
M: I suppose I can work at the boys’ camp. But camp jobs don’t pay much. So I won’t consider it.
W: I think I can get a job at the Sea View Hotel. A friend of mine was a waiter there. He got a lot of tips. Tips are a great way to make extra money, you know.
M: What I want is a job outside. This summer, I think I might work for a road building company or something like that. I hear physical work pays pretty well.
W: It would be good experience.
W: Morning, Mr. Johnson. Do you need some more medication?
M: No, my leg is feeling fine, actually. But this bed is really uncomfortable.
W: You told me that you’d like to be able to move and control it yourself.
M: That’s true, but I don’t know how to use it. This controller is huge, and there are too many buttons.
W: Yeah, it can be pretty confusing. See these buttons at the top here? They control the part of the bed near your back, so you can either sit up or lie down.
M: OK, but what about these buttons at the bottom?
W: Those ones control the part of the bed by your feet. Why don’t you try playing around with it?
M: OK…whoa, that’s nice! This is much better. But what does this big red button in the middle do?
W: That is the emergency call button. Please don’t press it unless it’s a real emergency.
W: What do you want to be when you grow up?
M: Well, Auntie Molly, I want to be president of the U.S. one day!
W: Wow, that’s great! But that’s a really hard job. It might be the hardest job in the world.
M: But you get to live in a big white house and fly in a big plane whenever you want.
W: That’s true, but you’ll also have to give a lot of speeches, and you probably won’t have much free time. Presidents are very busy. They usually don’t even have a chance to spend time with
M: Then I don’t want to be the president anymore. I want to be a cowboy instead.
W: That sounds fun, too. But are you okay with getting up really early? Because that’s what cowboys have to do.
M: That’s not true. I can train my horses and cows to sleep late, and we can get up late together!
M: I saw you on the news! You’re a hero! Come on, tell me all the details.
W: Well, I was watching the pool from my chair, like I always do. There was a group of kids taking diving lessons in the deep end.
M: Go on…
W: I guess one of the students hit their head on the diving board, because I saw that someone was sinking to the bottom of the pool.
M: So, what did you do next?
W: I jumped in the pool after their instructor jumped in and brought the kid back to the surface. It was a young girl, and she had swallowed a lot of water.
M: Wow. Did you give her mouth-to-mouth?
W: Of course. Then I told one of the kids to call for an ambulance.
M: Quick thinking!
W: The girl coughed the water up almost immediately, and just like that, it was over. We cleaned the wound and bandaged it up, and the emergency services arrived twenty minutes later.
M: How was she?
W: She had no memory of the past ten minutes. She wanted to go back in the pool. She didn’t even know why her parents were crying.
M: She must have been in shock.
This August, I finally got my wish to go to the grasslands. In my imagination, the land would be boundless, making people feel open-minded; the cloudless blue sky would make everyone feel comfortable and free.
As we approached the grassland, I got very excited. However, my excitement did not last long. There were many places where we could see a little sand. And some places had no grass at all. My mood had changed, and I felt a little sad. This was not what I had imagined.
What caused this? First, over-development. Along our way, man-made attractions are everywhere. There are many motorcycles for tourists to ride, and the grass cannot survive under such wheels. Second, overgrazing. Too many cows, sheep, and horses on the grasslands have damaged the plants there, especially sheep because they often eat the roots of the plants. If the roots are eaten, the grass cannot grow again. The grass itself is actually the best protection against desertification. If this barrier is gone, it is easy for a grassland to become a desert.
I want to do something about this. Although I cannot solve the problem by myself, I can at least make some suggestions. I think protecting our home is a way to protect our future…